Expertise: Ecology and biology of fungal and nematodal soilborne pathogens and the integrated management of their resultant root diseases; special interests in diseases of vegetable and food legume crops; microbial interactions; biological control; cultural practices for disease management; and soil-IPM/soil health issues.
Expertise: Development Economics, Environmental and Resource Economics, International Economics
Professor Barrett's fundamental research objective is to help reduce unnecessary human suffering manifest in ill health, malnutrition, poverty, and vulnerability to disasters. In this world of plenty, almost half the world's six billion people live on two dollars a day or less.
Expertise: International Trade, Regional Economics, Development Economics
Professor Chau's research interests fall under three main areas: international trade, regional economics, and economic development, with particular emphasis on the economics of information and uncertainty. Recent research focuses on index measurement of trade restrictiveness that accounts for second-best argumentation of trade policies, market-based approaches to foster labor and environmental standards via international trade, and the impact of direct farm payments and import barriers on export promotion.
Expertise: Agricultural Marketing, Public Policy, Economic Development
Professor Christy's research and teaching interests are in the areas of agricultural marketing, public policy and economic development. His current research focuses on assessing the impact of structural and organizational changes in domestic agribusiness and value-added industries on the effectiveness of competition at various levels in the food system. An additional research priority is the analysis of key organizational and behavioral decisions that affect the competitive position of firms, marketing institutions, and industries in developing countries.
Ronnie Coffman serves as International Professor of Plant Breeding and Director of International Programs of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University. Coffman's work has been important to the development of improved rice varieties grown on several million hectares throughout the world. He has collaborated extensively with institutions in the developing world and has served as a board member for several international institutes.
Peter Davies' area of expertise is plant growth and development, with special reference to the role of hormones in growth and development, and the regulation of the senescence of whole plants. His current main interest is the advocacy of biotech (GMO) crops to the public and also exposing students to advances in biology that are of social importance.
Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue's research program advances knowledge in the field of development sociology through substantive and methodological contributions in three areas: the sociology of education, social change, and the demography of inequality. His most recent research investigates the consequences of demographic change on a range of socioeconomic outcomes that include schooling, gender, and income inequality.
Sarah Davidson Evanega teaches courses on plant biotechnology and scientific writing and is particularly concerned about strengthening leadership development programs in developing countries where IP-CALS works. Sarah also leads IP-CALS gender working group, AWARE (Advancing Women in Agriculture through Research and Education). Her primary research focuses on the controversy around biotechnology in developing countries.
Research falls into four thematic clusters: 1-States and Property: a) Social relations of property and the state, b) Co-evolving state-property systems, c) Police power and ownership, and d) Land reform and restitution/redistribution. 2-Involuntary Land Alienation: a)Terra Nullius and development discourse, b) Tragedy of the commoners, c) The lost/found art of seeing and grabs, and d) Property rights and human rights. 3-Armed Enclosures: a) Military occupation theory, a) Crisis, force, and preemption due to homeland securitization, b) Non-state armed organizations and counter-spacing, and c) New cosmographies of power and new enclosures. 4-New Forms of Ownership: a) Trends in post-property, b) Human hyper-mobility and property on the move, c) The bundles of responsibilities, and d) Public Trust Doctrine and the future of ownership.
Michael Gore's expertise is in the field of quantitative genetics and genomics, especially the genetic dissection of metabolic seed traits related to nutritional quality. He also contributes to the development and application of field-based, high-throughput phenotyping tools for plant breeding and genetics research. He teaches two short courses at the Tucson Winter Plant Breeding Institute in Tucson, Arizona, and serves on the editorial boards of Crop Science and Theoretical and Applied Genetics.
Douglas Gurak's research focuses on the process of human migration. Currently Douglas is involved in the investigation of processes shaping the internal migration of foreign-born persons in the United States to non-traditional immigrant destinations. This research is supported by the Russell Sage Foundation and involves working with confidential Census data at the New York Census Research Data Center. Douglas has had the status of Special Sworn Status since 2008 as is required for persons working with restricted data.
Jere Haas is currently conducting research on the functional consequences of iron deficiency on physical and cognitive performance. The emphasis is on the effects of moderate iron deficiency on various aspects of physical performance and behavior in children and young women and how measures of performance relate to everyday productivity and social and economic well being. He also conducts research on food based interventions to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Professor Haas conducts research on these and related topics in maternal and child nutrition in the United States, Mexico, the Philippines, Rwanda and India.
Expertise: The use of epidemiology and qualitative methods to develop knowledge for interventions to improve the nutrition of the poor; improving the effectiveness of programs and policies through evaluation and nutritional surveillance.
Specifically Jean-Pierre participates in research on evaluating the effectiveness of iron fortification in Haiti and China in children including the likelihood that the delivery systems used will result in the same impact as the programs are expanded. He has been involved with developing the construct and use of Program Theory also called Program Impact Pathways (PIP) in planning, implementing and evaluation programs in Mexico, Haiti and Peru.
Adjunct Professor, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management (AEM), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS)
Interests include how development aid is used to improve the well-being of poor agriculturally-dependent people in developing countries and especially in the role of technological change in raising the productivity of farming systems.
Peter Hobbs is a crop scientist and agronomist with 30 years of experience with IRRI and CIMMYT, working mainly on rice and wheat systems and conservation agriculture in South Asia. He is presently an Adjunct Professor in SCS and also an International Professor in CALS IP, teaching various courses on international agriculture systems, agroforestry and GMO's.
Plants monitor and respond to their environment constantly, which is essential for their viability and fitness. The ultimate goal of Jian Hua's research is to understand the molecular mechanisms by which plants perceive environmental signals and integrate signals to regulate their growth and development.
Expertise: Genetic Improvement of Animal Health and Production, Dairy Cattle Management and Genetic Evaluations, Population Structure and Adaptation, Genomic Tool Development, Wildlife and Indigenous Population Conservation, Canine Genetics
Expertise: Public Economics, Development Economics
Professor Kanbur's main areas of interest are public economics, development economics and economic theory. His work spans conceptual, empirical, and policy analysis. He is particularly interested in bridging the worlds of rigorous analysis and practical policy making. His vita lists over 250 publications, covering topics such as risk taking, inequality, poverty, structural adjustment, labor, urbanization and agriculture. He has published in the leading economics journals such as American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, Review of Economic Studies, Journal of Economic Theory, and Economic Journal. His latest book is on Development Ideas.
Karim-Aly S. Kassam is International Professor of Environmental and Indigenous Studies. His research focuses on the connectivity of human and environmental relations, addressing indigenous ways of knowing, food sovereignty, sustainable livelihoods, and climate change.
Expertise: Development Economics, Macroeconomic Policy, International Economics
Steven Kyle works in the areas of macroeconomic policy, both in the U.S. and in low-income countries. Recent work has included studies of the economies of Portuguese-speaking African countries, the outlook for the U.S. economy, and issues in the management of transition economies in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
Professor Lassoie studies the ecological and social variables underpinning the decision-making process related to conservation, natural resource and environmental management, and sustainable development. He is particularly interested in the role of local communities the management of parks, protected areas, and otherwise fragile landscapes in developing countries as well as the United States.
Expertise: International Development, Agricultural Policy
David Lee's research focuses mainly on the interface between economic development, agriculture, and the environment, including food security, sustainable agriculture, technology adoption, payments for environmental services, climate change, and agricultural and environmental policy. He has conducted research or consulted in nearly 30 countries, principally in Latin America, but also in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia.
Research and teaching in soil biogeochemistry and soil fertility management. Specialization in soil organic matter and nutrient studies of managed and natural ecosystems. Focus on soil degradation and sustainable agriculture in the tropics (especially Africa), bio-energy, greenhouse gas emissions from soil and headwaters, and synchrotron-based methods for soil research.
Lori Leonard has a background in public health, and her work focuses on issues in medical sociology, gender studies, and the anthropology of policy. She is interested in the ways policies, planned improvement projects, changes in the natural world, and human responses to these events shape social and cultural life.
Susan McCouch's research focuses on rice and includes publication of the first molecular map of the rice genome in 1988, early QTL studies on disease resistance, drought tolerance, maturity and yield, cloning of genes underlying domestication traits, and demonstrating that low-yielding wild and exotic Oryza species harbor genes that can enhance the performance of modern, high-yielding cultivars. Recently, she has used genome wide association studies (GWAS) to demonstrate that the different subpopulations of O. sativa have significantly different genetic architecture.
Trained as a historical sociologist, Philip McMichael's research examines capitalist modernity through the lens of agrarian questions, food regimes, agrarian/food sovereignty movements, and most recently the implications for food systems of agrofuels and land grabbing. This work centers the role of agri-food systems in the making of the modern world, including an examination of the politics of globalization via the structuring of agri-food relations.
Expertise: Genetics of quantitative disease resistance; international agriculture; current focus on two diseases of maize that are important both in the United States and in Africa: northern corn leaf blight and gray leaf spot.
Alice Pell's research focuses on tropical farming systems, with an emphasis on Africa and Asia. The centerpiece of her research is an interdisciplinary project on the relationship between poverty and environmental degradation in the densely populated Kenyan highlands.
David Pelletier's extension/ public engagement goals are to develop, promote and apply improved methods for policy analysis, development and implementation in developing countries and the U.S. This year and beyond David will be prioritizing the development of a new stream of research in the emerging field of implementation sciences. As in previous years, this new emphasis area will represent the seamless integration of his research and outreach activities.
Gretel Pelto's research is focused primarily on infant and young child feeding. Research activities involve investigations of caregivers and the household and community contexts of infant and young child feeding, investigating feeding behaviors from the perspectives of women and families, and the delivery of nutrition interventions as well as implementation research
Max Pfeffer has served on and led National Research Council committees of the Water Science and Technology Board. Max has served as Chair of the Development Sociology Department, and the Associate Director of both the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station and the Cornell University Center for the Environment.
Prabhu Pingali has over three decades of experience working with some of the leading international agricultural development organizations as a research economist, development practitioner and senior manager. He was the Director of the Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations from 2002–2007, and the Director of the Economics Program at CIMMYT, Mexico, from 1996–2002. Prior to joining CIMMYT, he worked at the International Rice Research Institute at Los Banos, Philippines, from 1987 to 1996 as an Agricultural Economist, and at the World Bank's Agriculture and Rural Development Department from 1982–1987 as an economist.
Per Pinstrup-Andersen's research includes economic analyses of food and nutrition policy, globalization and poverty, agricultural development and research and technology policy. Dr. Pinstrup-Andersen's publications include Seeds of Contention, co-authored with Ebbe Schiøler and published in five languages, and more than 400 other books, refereed journal articles, papers and book chapters, including a book on Ethics, Hunger and Globalization, co-edited with Peter Sandøe and a book on Agricultural Trade Liberalization and the Least Developed Countries, co-edited with Niek Koning, both published in 2007.
Expertise: Macroeconomics of Financial Globalization, Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Markets, China and India
Eswar Prasad's research has spanned a number of areas including labor economics, business cycles, and open economy macroeconomics. His extensive publication record includes articles in numerous collective volumes as well as top academic journals such as the American Economic Review, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, The Economic Journal, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Monetary Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, etc. He has co-authored and edited numerous books and monographs, including on China, Hong Kong and India. His current research interests include the macroeconomics of financial globalization, monetary and exchange rate policies in emerging markets, and the Chinese and Indian economies.
My goal as a professor with a teaching, extension and research appointment is to seamlessly integrate these three activities into one program that is scholarly, credible and relevant to the multiple audiences that benefit from my program. One of my goals is to be a good communicator with many different audiences. I intentionally seek out audiences that range in age from preschool to adult, and range in expertise from novice to professional. I also strive to be broadly informed about the many issues that affect the food system so I can be a useful resource, and am frequently asked to speak to Cornell alumni. I served as department chair for the last 13 years, having played a major role in the merging of departments between the Geneva and Ithaca campuses, and the creation of the new School of Integrative Plant Science (SIPS). My new position is Director of Undergraduate Studies for SIPS since August, 2015.
K. V. Ramen's experience includes working in the area of International Agriculture and Rural Development. In addition to being the course coordinator for IARD 402 and 602, he is also involved in implementing several special projects in the area of agricultural biotechnology, capacity building, curriculum development and agri-business in many developing nations.
Broadly, we are studying the relationship between maternal nutritional status during the reproductive period and short- and long-term maternal and child health outcomes. In the US and elsewhere, we have been studying the association between maternal obesity and reduced duration of breastfeeding, why this occurs, and the consequences that it has for both maternal health and infant feeding practices. We are also investigating how the now-widespread practice of breast milk expression, specifically how it affects maternal health and infant feeding practices. In addition, we are using the data from the MINIMat study in Bangladesh to investigate factors that influence women’s participation in nutritional supplementation programs. With colleagues in Scandinavia, we are studying the effects of reproduction in general, and lactation in particular, on long-term maternal health.
Susan Riha's research program addresses the dynamic interactions of plants with their physical environment. The general approach has been to use biophysical models to analyze experimental data collected as part of growth chamber, greenhouse and field studies.
David Sahn's research is focused on issues of poverty, inequality, and the economics of health, nutrition, and education. His primary interest is in understanding the determinants of schooling outcomes and cognitive achievement; examining household decision-making and the impact of household choices on health and nutrition outcomes; and exploring methods for analyzing the multiple dimensions of inequality and poverty. His empirical research involves estimating behavioral models that rely on innovative household survey data, and is concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa. Much of this work involves trying to understand the constraints to and opportunities to promote human capital accumulation and improved living standards.
Norman Scott's research is focused on thermoregulation in poultry, biomechanics of machine milking of dairy cows and electronic applications in agriculture, with particular attention to automatic identification and estrus detection of livestock, as well as the effects of transient current on dairy cows. Since returning to the faculty in 1998, he has focused on research in sustainable development. This research is directed to development of sustainable communities with emphasis on biologically derived fuels, renewable energy, recycling, managed ecosystems and industrial ecology.
Frank Shotkoski has 20 years of academic and industrial experience in both agriculture and medical biotechnology. He is currently the Director of the Agriculture Biotechnology Support Project II (ABSPII), a USAID/Cornell University cooperative effort with a mandate to introduce agriculture biotechnology to developing countries.
Margaret E. Smith joined the faculty at Cornell University in 1987 in the College of Agriculture and Life Science’s Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, focusing on corn breeding. Her research goal is to enhance our understanding of corn adaptation to marginal environments and develop genetic materials that will improve corn productivity and sustainability in such environments.
Expertise: Research and teaching in soil biogeochemistry and soil fertility management. Specialization in soil organic matter and nutrient studies of managed and natural ecosystems. Focus on soil degradation and sustainable agriculture in the tropics (especially Africa), bio-energy, greenhouse gas emissions from soil and headwaters, and synchrotron-based methods for soil research.
Expertise: Economic and agricultural development; multisectoral macro policy modeling focused on growth, poverty alleviation and nutrition; international economics; theory of economic policy; econometrics.
Norman Uphoff's work has focused on development administration, irrigation management, local participation, and strategies for broad-based rural development. His current development interests have expanded beyond the social sciences to include agro-ecology and particularly the system of rice intensification.
Harold van Es is a Professor of Soil and Water Management with extension, research and teaching duties. He also directs the Cornell Initiative on Computational Agriculture. He works in New York, and also has project experience in Central and Eastern Europe, Central America, Africa, the Middle-East, and New Zealand.
Expertise: adult and extension education, entrepreneurship, finance, fruit and vegetable production, horticultural sciences, international agriculture, risk analysis and assessment, value-added agriculture, vegetables, viticulture
Lindy Williams's academic interests are focused geographically in Southeast Asia and substantively in the areas of family sociology and population dynamics. Her research examines how both are influenced by changing social, economic, and environmental conditions
As an environmental sociologist, I study how people make and respond to environmental change and how groups of people do or do not work out concerns about the material world. My research focuses on the transformations that accompany efforts to change rural livelihoods and conserve natural resources in China. Drawing from scholarship in environmental sociology, political ecology, and coupled natural and human systems, I join social and biophysical data to understand how changing livelihoods and state-society relationships articulate with dynamic ecologies in the context of major environmental protection efforts.